Saturday, December 2, 2023

Dubai’s digital asset regulation framework raises privateness issues

The Dubai Digital Property Regulatory Authority (VARA) just lately printed its framework regulation for digital asset regulation in Dubai, the Dubai Digital Property Legislation (Dubai VA Legislation). The regulation goals to manage digital belongings and digital asset service suppliers (VASPs). VARA was established by Legislation No. 4 of 2022.

A provision within the Dubai VA Legislation would prohibit the issuance of “anonymity-enhanced cryptocurrencies” and all digital asset actions associated to them within the Emirate of Dubai. The scope of what’s meant by “all digital asset actions” is unclear, and if additionally meant to use to the peer-to-peer market would solely enhance the priority and questions on lawful jurisdiction.

The worldwide pattern of governments transferring away from the privateness options of digital belongings is regarding and raises alarm bells. The generic time period “anonymity-enhancing cash” undervalues the importance and safety offered by non-public monetary transactions. This overlooks the truth {that a} overwhelming majority of digital belongings, together with bitcoin, possess some stage of anonymity-enhancing options, and lots of extra digital belongings are frequently enhancing their privateness capabilities. This pattern not solely undermines the worth of those belongings but additionally the privateness rights of people and companies. It’s important to acknowledge the essential position that privateness options play within the digital asset panorama and take steps to protect and improve them.

Within the Dubai VA regulation, anonymity-enhancing cash are outlined as: “a kind of Digital Asset which prevents the tracing of transactions or document of possession by means of distributed public ledgers and for which the VASP has no mitigating applied sciences or mechanisms to permit traceability or identification of possession [emphasis added].” 

In specializing in the daring language, the regulation itself acknowledges that digital asset service suppliers (VASPs) have a task to play in compliance with flexibility to think about their very own risk-based options to checklist and help such cash. 

Moreover, there’s profound regulatory complexity because the regulation applies solely inside Dubai and to not the broader United Arab Emirates or the Dubai Worldwide Monetary Centre. The Dubai Worldwide Monetary Centre (DIFC) is a monetary free zone in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It was established in 2004 with the objective of offering a hub for worldwide monetary providers within the Center East, Africa, and South Asia. The DIFC is ruled by its personal impartial courts, and its jurisdiction covers monetary providers, amongst different issues.

These new provisions promulgated by VARA might influence VASP decision-making and must be challenged and clarified. Electrical Coin Co. is dedicated to accountable innovation and can proceed to lift consciousness of the hazard to development and innovation in Dubai posed by limiting privateness protections for its residents. We stay up for additional alternatives for dialogue and clarification with the regulatory authority.

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